10 Qs

Tanja and Mark decided to retire early. Much, much earlier than me. They decided to retire in their late 30s, early 40s.

Their website, Our Next Life, outlines how they approached their goal. And it looks like they have been successful.

They posted a great article on 10 critical questions to answer before you make the leap to early retirement.

I think most of these questions are relevant regardless of whether you are retiring at age 40 or, in my case, age 61.

I took a bit of a stab at answering the questions. Some I will have to spend a bit more time thinking about before I retire in the next few months.

Q1. How will you support yourself without a job?

In our case, we are well prepared. I have defined benefit pensions, investment accounts and government pensions that should allow us to live very well in our retirement years.

Q2. What is your backup plan for dealing with financial emergencies or hardship?

In our financial plan I have a cash buffer to cover one year of expenses. We have two topped up TFSA accounts which we can use in a pinch. There is enough in there to last us several years. We have a contingency of about 40 percent of our annual retirement income in uncommitted spend in our retirement budget. So no real worries here.

Q3. How will you get health care?

As Canadians, we do have a pretty good health care system. I also have good retirement benefits program from my employer and we will have additional travel insurance for when we head south for the winters.

Q4. How will you keep your body and mind healthy?

I’ll keep riding. Cycling does a lot to keep a body healthy. And I will do more strength and flexibility work in retirement. Lorraine and I plan to be active in terms of walking, hiking and touring. For as long as we can.

Q5. What are you retiring to?

This is the one area where we will have to make sure we put enough structure into our lives. Yes, we will be doing a lot of travel in our coach. But it is important to revisit goals and to make sure that we are keeping very engaged in life.

Q6. What will your living situation be?

We downsized our house but did not buy another property. At least not yet. Our plan is to travel in our coach for the winter and rent during the summer months in Canada. If we get to that point where we want a permanent spot in Canada, we will have lots of time and sufficient financial resources to do so.

Q7. What do you want a day in retirement to look like?

Not sure. I’ll have to give that some more thought.

Q8. What will your social circles and interactions be like?

When traveling in our motorcoach, I have absolutely no worries. We have made so many friends in our travels to date. Our time in Canada may be a bit more of a challenge depending on where we land. Generally though, our involvement in church life provides a lot of social interactions.

Q9. How will you and your partner stay one the same page about money and goals?

We talk about this part of our life constantly. We are ready and anxious to get started. I suppose the real question is what happens after the retirement date has been reached which leads to the final question.

Q10. How will you define yourself and derive self worth post-career?

I see this question a lot and I guess I’m just not that worried about it. I have always had so many interests outside of work that I suspect I may fall into the trap of becoming too busy with too many interests. We’ll see. Lorraine has always had a better perspective on what is important about life. She has not been in the career track and she has never defined herself by a job.

All in all, a good set of questions and certainly relevant to our stage of life.

Not sure that I would have been ready to retire in my early 40s like Tanja and Mark.

I know that I am ready to retire now.

The Retirement Puzzle: Will We Be Healthy?

I had a few lingering questions after I made the decision to retire in July of 2018. I posted about whether we will have enough money in retirement here and whether we will be happy in retirement here.

The last lingering question is whether we will be healthy in retirement.

And healthy must include the following factors: physical, emotional and spiritual.

What you see pictured above is a Wahoo Kickr Snap. I use it in my pain cave which I describe in this video:

A pain cave is where a person goes to suffer. On a bike. Using online training apps from places like the Sufferfest and Zwift.

This is how I choose to maintain my physical fitness. And it really does not matter what form of physical activity. Being healthy, particularly as we age, is all about movement. Keep moving. Walking. Running. Cycling. Skating. Whatever inspires you to keep moving.

Although not as convenient in a motorhome, I will be setting up a similar pain cave for my regular workouts. Hopefully, we will be in good weather most of the time and I will be able to ride outside.

To be healthy from a physical perspective means regular exercise and good nutrition. Both are completely under our control. The onset of a critical illness is often outside our control.

My life expectancy is 81 years. And, if I make it past age 65, I have better than 50% chance of making it to 80.

The best strategy is to keep as active as possible right up until the very end. And retirement provides all sorts of opportunities to keep active.

The emotional side is my development opportunity. Ensuring that I have a purpose and mission in my retirement years will be a critical component to emotional health. As will social interactions and relationships. I am not as concerned about the latter as we have met so many wonderful people in our travels with our motorcoach.

Lorraine and I enjoy a strong faith and we will continue to develop ourselves in our retirement years.

What I am learning for this part of retirement?

  • Keep physically and mentally active
  • Stay connected with family, friends and community
  • Keep eating a healthy diet
  • Volunteer to help maintain health and social contacts
  • Set new goals and maintain a sense of purpose
  • Plan for the weeks and months ahead to give yourself targets and things to look forward to

The Retirement Puzzle: Will We Be Happy?

There are times when I wish I could be like Lorraine and Tabby. They both model love, kindness and happiness to me every day. Even when I don’t deserve it!

I had posted earlier about our retirement puzzle and, now that I have committed to a retirement date, three lingering questions:

  • Will we have enough money?
  • Will we be happy?
  • Will we stay healthy?

I have a truly impressive spreadsheet that contains a detailed budget expense worksheet for the current year. It also contains a summary of the following financial ratios along with specific targets:

  • Gross Debt Service Ratio
  • Total Debt Service Ratio
  • Liquidity Ratio
  • Solvency Ratio
  • Housing Payment Ratio
  • Annual Savings Ratio
  • Debt Payment to Income Ratio
  • Total Savings to Income Ratio
  • Total Debt to Gross Income Ratio
  • Total Debt to After-tax Income Ratio
  • Total Assets to Income Ratio

We carry no debt and all of our ratios look great right now. They did not always look that way though especially in our thirties with kids and mortgages and lots of other expenses.

My spreadsheet contains a worksheet for our net worth, a detailed breakdown of our investment assets and allocation, our passive income from investments, our investment portfolio performance over the past 25 years of investing, pension estimates, income and taxes paid for my entire career, and retirement ratios for Neutral Income Retirement Target and Real Discretionary Income. The latter trying to answer the question: do I have enough for retirement?

This is not just any spreadsheet. Oh no. This spreadsheet is a work of art.

And you can see the trap, can’t you? I have approached retirement largely from the first question, from a financial perspective. I have spent countless hours over the years planning and investing to get us to this point.

But really, with less than 8 months from retirement, we will have whatever we have from a financial perspective. And it is more than enough. My real discretionary income will go up in retirement.

The second question, will we be happy, is a more important question than whether we will have enough money. Well, at least it is now once I had some confidence that we are going to have enough money in retirement!

A few quotes from a fellow Canadian, Ernie Zelinski, author of numerous books including one of my favourites, How To Retire Happy, Wild, And Free.

… many people spend forty years building an impressive retirement nest egg, but no time at all thinking about how they are going to enjoy retirement. Indeed, the biggest mistake you can make with your retirement planning is to concentrate only on the financial aspects.


Freedom and happiness are easier to attain than you think. Take your lesson from children. Don’t fret about the future. Don’t regret the past. Live only in the present. The happiness you have at any moment is the only happiness you can ever experience. Reminisce about your great yesterdays, hope for many interesting tomorrows, but, above all, ensure that you live today.

One more,

All things considered, your retirement reward should be a life that is at least as exciting and interesting as your work life was. In fact, with creative and constructive use of your time, you can be happier than you ever were in the workplace, regardless of how much satisfaction your work provided.

I can learn how to be happy from Lorraine. And from Tabby. That golden retriever of ours is the Zen master of happiness and contentment.

And I need to turn that question around into a statement:

We will be happy.

I know it.

I can feel it.

The Retirement Puzzle

Someone asked me how I felt when I handed in my retirement notice.

Well, it felt a lot like I was quitting.

I suppose putting in a retirement notice is similar to quitting. Except that there is no next job on the horizon. And, because I presently serve as a senior executive in an Insurance company, I can’t just give a couple of weeks notice. In my case, I have provided 9 months notice to allow the CEO time for an orderly transition.

So, although my intentions are clear, I still have a few months left before I am officially retired.

We have been planning for retirement for years now, and yet there are a few questions that continue to worry me:

  • Will we have enough money?
  • Will we be happy?
  • Will we stay healthy?

Being a numbers guy, I have been preoccupied with the first question. This is probably the most common question that people have when they think about retirement: how much money will I need to retire well?

Keep in mind that I am offering a Canadian perspective. The U.S. is a very different country in terms of asset and income variance. To enter the top 1 percent of income in Canada is roughly $225,000 a year. In the U.S. the entry point is almost $600,000 Canadian a year. And in Canada, there are only about 300,000 tax filers in this category.

A recent poll issued by BMO Harris Private Banking, claims that people with at least $1 million of investable assets think they need $2.3 million to retire well. Canadians with at least $1 million of investable assets reflect only 1 percent of the population. Most Canadians will never be able to accumulate that much money for retirement.

Ask most Canadians the same question, and they might say $1 million. Or less. Or more. Very few have a clear idea of what is needed.

My approach was very straightforward. I tracked all of my expenses and I categorized them. I had two columns: one for my expenses while working and one for expenses that we would carry on into retirement. I then looked at contributions from pensions and identified the gap. That gap represented the target retirement savings that I thought I should have before I could call a retirement date. And, of course, there could be no outstanding debt carried into retirement.

Let’s take an example.

We will assume a household with only one income earner and let’s assume that single income earner is doing okay. Much better than the average.

In my province of Ontario, income at the 50th percentile — the median where half make less and half make more — is just under $40,000. Yes, you read that correctly, $40,000. Income at the 75th percentile is $72,000 and at the 90th percentile it is $110,000.

Let’s use that number.

Our single income earner, roughly 10 years from retirement, will pay about $30,000 in taxes on $110,000 of income. That leaves him with $80,000 to spend.

He holds a mortgage which costs him $18,000 a year. This assumes that he put 20% down on an average house and he carries the balance as a mortgage that is paid down over 25 years. The house would be worth about $400,000.

So, he is now left with $62,000 to spend after taxes and mortgage. Out of that amount, he has a number of expenses to cover: cars, food, entertainment, raising kids, saving for retirement. Which, if we look at the average household expenditure after tax, means he has very little, if anything, left over.

But, what might his expenses look like after retirement?

His mortgage would be gone. Saving for retirement would be done. Money spent on raising the kids would be done (hopefully).

In all likelihood, he would be able to live to the same standard in retirement at roughly 60% of his pre-retirement income. Indeed, Sun Life completed a report where they found that the average retired Canadian was living quite well on 62% of what they earned before leaving work. That ratio goes down as income goes up. One of the few benefits of a highly progressive taxation system in Canada is that high income earners can likely live quite well on much less, say 35 to 50% of their pre-retirement income.

So let’s see where our single income earner might stand.

This is what he can count on in retirement. Assuming that he intends to maintain his standard of living, he would need to achieve about $68,200 per year. Based on averages, he might see the following:

CPP: $8,000
OAS: $14,000 (for both himself and his spouse)
Pension: $45,000

Well, lucky fellow! He is almost there at $67,000. His gap is really only a few thousand. Let’s say he needs $10,000 more per year, a total of $77,000 to fill the gap and provide some buffer. A simple way to calculate his target retirement savings is to multiply $10,000 by 25: $250,000. If invested appropriately, he should be able to take out 4% in the first year and then increase his withdrawal by the inflation rate in subsequent years.

If our single income earner did not have a great pension, let’s say only $25,000 then his gap would be $30,000 which would mean a target retirement savings of $750,000. That amount of savings is a pretty big number for most Canadians. Let’s hope he understood the need to put money aside during his working career! Although, as some financial planners would say, you will have whatever you have when retirement comes along. If you are within a few years, there is not much you can do except try to work longer and accept a lower standard of living whenever retirement happens.

The most recent data from Statistics Canada shows families whose highest income earner was 65 or older, had a median after-tax income of $57,500 in 2015. Our single income earner in our example will be taking in more than that in retirement and he will likely enjoy more discretionary spending now that the kids have gone and the house has been paid off.

Every person will have a unique situation in terms of how much is enough money for retirement. From all of the reading and research I have done in this area, I have reached a few basic conclusions:

We will live on much less in retirement because our income taxes will be substantially lower. We can easily live to the same standard on an after-tax basis with an income replacement ratio of 45%.

Thank heavens I set money aside when I was younger. That is the only reason why I can retire earlier at 61 as opposed to 65. Fortunately I have always worked for companies with defined benefit pension plans. Although not indexed for inflation, they are worth a lot of money to me in retirement. To get a rough idea, I took the annual income stream from my pensions, multiplied it by 25 years — I hope to live that much longer! — and gained a deep appreciation for 35 years of pension contributions. I also set a lot of money aside in my 40s which gave time for my investments to grow over the following two decades. That combination of company pension plans and personal investments provides the foundation for financial independence.

Having enough is a very personal matter and in the long run doesn’t mean very much. Having enough to not worry about money is probably the best perspective. As I have done my own research, most people in retirement do not consume like they did in their younger years. They value time and relationships. They find purpose differently from when they were working.

Lorraine keeps telling me not to worry about the numbers.

We have enough.

So. Will we be happy? Will we be healthy?

More on those two questions later.

Done Working (Almost)

I have a shirt that I purchased from this store, dunworkin, in 2016.

I’ve never worn the shirt as my family told me that I can only wear this shirt once I am done working and retired.

That time will be soon.

A few days ago, I told my CEO that I would be retiring within nine months. In my current role as a senior executive, I need to provide sufficient time to help the company with my leadership transition.

And so it is done.

We have been busily planning this part of our lives for over two years now. The usual concerns creep into play. Have we saved enough? Will we have enough money to last our retirement? Will I get through the next nine months?

There is a bit of fear. And a bit of excitement as well.

Someone told me that when they retired, they had mixed emotions: joy and happiness.

Right now, I have fear and excitement!

Crunch time as we get ourselves ready for our first extended sojourn in our coach in October of 2018. We will take the coach out a few times before then and I am glad that we have had a couple of years under our belt with the motorhome. I think we have a much better idea as to how we will enjoy that part of our retirement.

9 months and change.

285 days.

But then, who’s counting?